Shri Guruji and Industry
- Dr S.S. Aggarwal
Shri M.S. Golwalkar had a multifaceted personality. Since he was a highly spiritual person, he could express himself correctly even in those fields in which he had no experience. So wide was his knowledge that once the specialists were debating and wondering as to which branch of science had he done his masters?
He had expressed his opinion almost on all subjects. In many cases his predictions have come true and have left an impression that he could read the future. His reading about Kashmir, China and other political events has been found to be true although expressed at much earlier date. Similarly about the future course of development for India his reading was correct. He was all for developing an Indian model of development and not to copy other models which might be suitable for those countries but not for us. According to him, to calculate country’s progress only on the degree of its industrialisation will lead to disaster. To go on manufacturing on machines even at the cost of employment will cause conflict in society and increase distance between cities and villages. He was all for self-reliant villages so that their run to cities is finished.
He believed that a society with conflict will be born if we follow capitalism for our development. He always drew a bigger picture of dharma, artha, kama, moksha, etc. and tried to explain human conduct in those terms. He was all for the man to earn livelihood but only as per his needs. He has to surrender the extra-earned to the society.
His views on capitalism and industry were very clear. He was positively for cooperative societies. He was of the firm opinion that the route of cooperatives and small-scale industries is the right path on which India must tread. He was very clear that any other path will bring conflict in the society, which was against his scheme of things. He stood for a conflict-less society. He could see the outcome of WTO and the conflict it will generate in the societies of the world. Talking to correspondence of various newspapers he forcefully argued that India should avoid concentration of wealth in few hands. He was all for production by masses and not mass production as was the case in those days. The western society’s development never influenced him. Talking to Organiser weekly once he blue-printed the future course of action for India. He said small-scale sector should play a dominant role. Probably true to his dreams, today we have more than one crore (50 lakh registered and almost 50 lakh unregistered small-scale units) in India. In fact, India is bound to provide a lead in the role of small-scale sector in country’s development. There is no parallel anywhere in the world for the role of Indian small-scale sector. He understood the real meaning behind the World Trade Organisation and said that India should not get trapped in good words.
According to him, the cycle industry of Japan is a good example for us to follow Indian small-scale industry to develop on these lines, i.e. complementary to big industry.
According to him, the World War II may be called a watershed in the history. All imperialist countries had lost their colonies or were in the process of doing so. European countries needed markets to sell their industrial production and also to purchase raw materials at low prices. Since colonies were lost, so the captive markets were also lost. The present WTO is nothing but a trap to entice the newly developing countries so that they give their markets to these developed European countries and sell their raw materials to these countries. The European countries being small geographically do not have depth and are dependent on Asian and African markets.
He understood the reluctance on the part of labour force to work as willing labour. He said that everybody should work for the upliftment of society and everybody must work truthfully and fruitfully. He wanted a special labour organisation as the organisation should have country’s future in mind and not work as other labour organisations are working. Being new to the labour field he sent special people to get practical training to work in labour field. It is no wonder that today Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh has a fine record of working with patriotism and has become the topmost organisation. He was against the word collective bargaining. He was also against the present meaning attached to ‘mazdoor’ and ‘malik’ in industry. He was all for working in the interest of the country and resolve all disputes keeping that aim in view only. He was for the minimum government’s interference in industry and its working. He was against the government’s right of controlling a strike. Shri Guruji sent people to work in various other fields (it is indeed surprising how accurately he could read the coming event in the world). Thus every segment of the society was touched. Organisations like Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Videsh Vibhag, Bharatiya Jan Sangh (now-a-day BJP), Vidyarthi Parishad, Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Kisan Sangh were created and many more organisations like Swadeshi Jagaran Manch, Laghu Udyog Bharati, Adhivakta Parishad, Doctors Forum etc. were planned by swayamsevaks as per the needs.
Taking guidance from Shri Guruji’s teachings all organisations planned their course of action keeping only good of the country before them.
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